Copyright – Fair Use


In a 2007 ruling by the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit that the use of low quality thumbnail images (a resolution of 1280×720 (with minimum width of 640 pixels) is not a violation of copyright right law but falls under fair use law.

See Google thumbnails are fair use, says Court of Appeals The Court said that Google did claim fair use, and that whether or not use was fair depended on four factors: the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for non-profit educational purposes; the nature of the copyrighted work; the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.


In all instances on our website we use low quality images for non profit, for review, for education, for research and last but not least for news reporting, all for the benefit of our readers.


Again we assure everyone that this website is a not for profit, no income earned website. The expenses are covered 100% by the owner of this website.


In the event we are using copyrighted material, we are doing so within the parameters of the Fair Dealing exception of the Canadian Copyright Act.

“The Canadian Copyright Act allows the use of material from a copyright protected work (literature, musical scores, audiovisual works, etc.) without permission when certain conditions are met. People can use fair dealing for  research, private study, education, parody, satire, criticism, review, and news reporting. In order to ensure your copying is fair, you need to consider several factors such as the amount you are copying, whether you are distributing the copy to others, and whether your copying might have a detrimental effect on potential sales of the original work.”

On occasion we may use photos or videos without express permission for education purposes. If we have images on our website that do not include a copyright users name, it could be for two reasons, the first is we might own the image, or it might published under Creative Commons, or we have no idea who owns the image, also we are not using the images for profit or commercial use.

Fair Dealing is an exception in the Canadian Copyright Act that permits the use of other people’s copyright protected work without permission or payment for the purpose of research, private study, education, satire, parody, criticism, review or news reporting.

Please verify if it is NOT a legally “embedded” photo or video before filing a complaint.

If you are the owner and have objections to our usage of the images, please contact us using our contact page. Please be specific in your description and location to where it is being used. Please supply us with evidence of where it was originally posted legally, and a link to where you claim we are using it.